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Fauna on Kamchatka
Today an average brown bear weighs 150-200 kg, the ones weighing 400 are rare to meet while those who "make" 600 kg are a general dream.
Perhaps the reason of Kamchatka bears' unagressive personality is their fish "diet" that they have preferred to the meat one.
Kamchatka's bears are pragmatic and cowardly. They are satisfied and safe from a lot of life troubles that bears in the Siberian taiga face. That is why they usually resolve a doubt in favor of escape, and nine out of ten decent Kamchatka's bears will follow this mode.
Steller's Sea Eagle
No other bird in Kamchatka can rival with Steller's sea eagle in beauty and majesty. Steller's sea eagle is relict predator inhabits both coasts of the peninsula. His unproportionally big beak and monstrous claws can carry deathly wounds to a deer or a sheep; however, they are specified to catch and "finish" salmon. The Steller's sea eagle is one of the leaders in Russian ornitofauna with the stretch of wings of up to 2,5 meters, and the sizes of his nests are probably incompatible. In the Kronotsky Zapovednik, an old nest of many years was found the height of which reached nearly two meters and the diameter was 3 meters! The eagles religiously used the nest for years renovating and completing it till an Erman's birch where this "aerodrome" was constructed on cracked.
An eagle usually lays two eggs, but only one of the two fledglings grows up to flap his wings in the skies. The Steller's sea eagle is very cautious and sensitive to his "privacy". Actually Kamchatka is the only place of their residence. The Steller's sea eagle's population (there are over 4,000 birds with about a 1,000 nesting pairs in the peninsula) is relatively successful and can keep this status unless the human being starts its "victorious" march across wild Kamchatka.
Every year in mid June the main event in the life of Kamchatka's rivers and lakes begins, i.e. salmon spawning. Billions of salmons obeying a powerful ancient instinct
come back from the sea tj streams and rivers where they have sprung from the grain of roe, and where they must complete their life cycle. Changing silvery scales for bright
marital attire, they rush up the river to meet love and death, and there is no force able to make them turn back.
It is only once the destiny gives a chance to the Pacific salmon to experience the great enigma of new life engendering. All its energy accumulated in the ocean will be spent
up to the very end. The first and the last love of salmon is so string that leaves no chance for survival. Spawning finished salmons, faded, with white blistered spines try to
hold themselves in the rapid, but they are carried away and thrown to the stones. The sand-bars are crammed full with rotting fish. Thousands of dead salmons turn into life-giving
silt mixing with poor soil of Kamchatka. And spawned and fertilized grains of roe keep lying in the holes considerately made by the parent at the bottom. A year later fries (young
fish) leave Kamchatka for the sea till the moment when the unmerciful instinct takes them back to the native shores to part with the life in the name of its renewal.
The world of spawning river is of special sort, tremendous and mysterious, and its harmony is easy to destroy. The spawning-ground die where the wood is cut down, marshes are
irrigated, the cattle is pastured and land is ploughed up. The development of Kamchatka turned a troublesome side to salmon. However, the sensible approach to economy can prevail.
It was possible to save actual inviolability of Kamchatka's "pearl" - the Kurilsky lake, the biggest Asian salmon spawning-ground.
Prof. Dr. Orhan KURAL
Svaja, Mattias, Pavlina
Katarina and Michal from Slovakia
Pam and Mike Jones.